This procedure is often used to treat compression fractures of the spine. Kyphoplasty involves the insertion of a balloon into a damaged vertebra to expand that vertebra back to its original shape as much as possible. By restoring the vertebrae’s shape using an inflated balloon, deformity can be avoided. Once the balloon is removed the cavity left behind will be strengthened by filling it with bone cement. There are other methods that can be used to treat compression fractures, so patients should discuss options with their physicians.