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Proximal Tibia (upper shinbone) fractures occur on the upper part of the shinbone, the area just below the knee. They can result from trauma to the bone such as from force impacts or from weakness compromising the bone. When the shinbone is fractured the soft tissues surrounding the bone can also be damaged as well as the joint. An expert examination and proper diagnosis should be conducted if symptoms arise. Symptoms include pain from weight bearing, the appearance of a swollen or deformed knee shape, and a pale discoloring or numbness or the foot. There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments. Recommended treatments will vary depending on the injury and lifestyle of the patient.

Tibia (lower shinbone) fractures occur along the length of the bone from the knee to above the ankle. Other injuries can also occur along with these breaks due to the amount of force necessary to cause the fracture. There are many types of tibia fractures, and the tibia can also be broken into more than one piece. Symptoms include pain, inability to walk or instability with the bearing of weight, bone protrusion from the skin. Treatments are both non-surgical and surgical and depend on the severity of the fracture.